Competitiveness-based Typology of the Russian Regions
The paper deals with various methodological approaches to regional systems classification and typology setup. The comparative study of existing approaches to regions classification assisted in design and implementation of a competitiveness-based approach to regional classification using clustering algorithms of multidimensional classification. The designed typology of the Russian regions employs vast dataset on the following groups of indicators: infrastructure development, industrial output performance, investment activity, foreign trade development and intensity, social and economic development, institutional factors, technology gap characteristics and innovation activity parameters. The output standings of regional typology comprised of 5 unevenly distributed groups of the Russian Federation regions regarding their level of competitiveness: “potential competitiveness leader”, “traditional competitiveness factors holders”, “outsiders of competition”, “moderate competitiveness regions” and “leaders of competitiveness”.