Competition Policy in the Western Balkan Countries
Purpose: In this paper, we lay out the analysis and provide an overview of the functions carried out by the national competition authorities in the Western Balkan countries and demonstrate their compliance with EU rules. We deal with the level of implementation of competition rules on prohibited agreements, abuse of dominant position, notification of concentration and state aid. Design/Methodology/Approach: We provide an overview of the stage these countries have arrived at in fulfilling their obligation on competition issues based on the Stabilisation and Association Agreement, which is a step forward for EU integration. We do this by carrying out a comparative analysis of the data collected from both primary and secondary sources, in order to demonstrate the current situation on competition in the Western Balkan countries and determine the most appropriate means to build strong and efficient National Competition Authorities. Findings: Findings show that competition in Balkan countries is still in a phase of development and more needs to be done in order to create an adequate competition regime. Practical Implications: We propose measures in order to ensure the effective implementation of the law on the protection of competition and the market economy. Originality/Value: When going through a phase of transformation, political change and integration, it is important to refer to other experiences, especially when trying to form part of the EU integration.