Factor Analysis of Organizational Justice: The Case of Ecuador
Purpose: Organizational Justice (JO) is an important predictor of different attitudes and organizational behavior. Τhe Colquitt organizational scale of justice was developed to assess the perceptions of Justice in employees (for this case university professors) and it has four dimensions: distributive, procedural, interpersonal and informational justice. For this work we extend the analysis to the Ecuadorian context using a model that was applied in Spain. Design/Methodology/Approach: The Cronbach alpha obtained for each dimension varied between .98 and .99 with a measure of sampling adequacy KMO of .9663. The corresponding factor analysis, includes items on 3 factors that account for 98% of the variance, so it is confirmed that it is an instrument that has the adequate psychometric properties for its use in the ecuadorian context. Findings: The institutions of public higher education of Ecuador, go through a significant stage of change and transformation from the political to the academic in which short-term changes are proposed regarding the normative and that is where it is necessary to study the processes of organizational change, and achieve greater assimilation through the management of elements such as the perceptions of justice that can lead to these being assimilated in a better way. Practical Implications: From the four dimensions identified by Colquitt, the one showing a higher percentage of acceptance was the interpersonal with a rate of 86.1%. Originality/Value: The objective of this study is to assess the scale of organizational Justice of Colquitt and to determine the perception of teachers in public universities in Ecuador. In addition, five questions that refer to the use of ICT in the different dimensions in a sample of 500 professors were included.