Polish Electric Vehicle Market Development Prospects
Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to present the legal and financial solutions implemented by the Polish government with the goal of promoting electromobility and counteracting environmental pollution. It demonstrates possible applications of electrical energy-powered vehicles as electricity banks in the prosumption model, provides an overview of the development of electromobility in Poland and present the sales figures of electric vehicles in comparison with other European countries. Design/methodology/approach: Analysed are legal acts related to the development of electromobility and the use of renewable energy sources, the strategy adopted by the government and data acquired from organisations analysing electromobility development. The paper uses the descriptive and analytic-synthetic method. Data from the Polish market were compared with data from EU countries. Findings: The article has been hypothesized that the Polish government's legislation will help to develop the electromobility market. The negative impact of the traditional automotive industry on the environment in Poland is noticed. In addition, emphasis is put on the fact that technological progress paved the way for electrical energy-powered vehicles, and that solutions referred to as energy prosumption render which possible reduce the operating costs of vehicles, positively impacting the environment. Poland is presented in this context as a country which attempts to adapt the environmental protection priorities set by the EU. Practical implications: This paper helps to understand trends in the Polish automotive market in terms of the electromobility and prosumptions compared to other European countries. The practical recommendation from the analysis is the continuation of the adopted strategy by the Polish Government. Proceeding this strategy will cause an increase in the share of electric cars. This will have a positive impact on the environment, energy stability and the development of the prosumption. Originality/value: The current study is the first analysis of the emerging electromobility market in Poland. It is a basis for further electromobility market research.