Efficiency Evaluation of Using Resources by Hospital Units
Purpose: The aim of this article is to present an efficient evaluation methodology for the hospital resources used in a study on units of healthcare system and their analysis in the organizational and legal forms. Design/Methodology/Approach: A research group constituted 48 health care units has been used. For the empirical part, a non-parametric DEA method was used to evaluate the efficiency of functioning of hospital units (surgical and internal medicine, both public and private) for 2014-2018. All the units that were qualified to the study had a contracted hospital agreement. Findings: Past analysis on the units of a healthcare system proved that efficiency of the usage of material or personal resources was underestimated and only a financial result was vital which in the units of healthcare system cannot play a major role. The authors proved that to manage efficiency it has to be previously measured with usage of the DEA method and the outcomes can be treated as a basis for developing and publishing detailed ranking lists that allow comparison between medical units. Results did not confirm that public health care units were less efficient than private units, which is very often taken as given. Practical Implications: Presented results – together with a recommended method – apart from experimental virtue also have a huge practical value. They can be used in a process of benchmarking which is getting more important as one of modern managing conception and is easily used in a health care sector. Originality/Value: Limitation of the resources in a system of health care determines necessity to constantly control the area of input-outcome. Conducted studies and conclusions constitute a new view on efficiency of health care units. The authors believe that it is necessary to continue studies in the regional field and also on different levels of protection systems.