System Solutions Supporting the Reducion of Risk Related to Biological Threats, Such as COVID-19 in Relation to Security
Purpose: The purpose of the article is an analysis and evaluation of the way the sustainable management functions under the COVID-19 conditions, as well as proposals for solutions in the health and safety management system aiming for the prevention or mitigation of crisis situations. Design/Methodology/Approach: The research is based on a combination of both quantitative and qualitative methods. They involve collection of empirical material based on the examples of entities operating in crisis situations. The size of the research sample is representative for the research conducted. The aim of the research has been defined, and it is consistent with the subject of the article. It assumes an innovative character of the conducted research based on a diagnosis of the state of businesses in crisis situations that predestines us to formulate research problems in the form of questions to which we seek answers. The research uses theoretical and empirical methods. The applied methods have been adapted to the conducted research, which consists of: analysis of normative documents, system documentation of the assessed entities, audit assessment by means of direct and indirect interviews with authorized specialists and experts, observation of processes as apart of audit assessments, conclusions and generalisations based on the collected data and practical experience of the author of the article as an auditor. Findings: The conducted research indicates that it is the systemic solutions, e.g., introduced in accordance with ISO 45001 that allow for quick diagnosis of the level of risk in the workplace in crisis situations. The proposed ways of proceeding may contribute to the creation of a universal, systemic approach to health and safety at work based, among others, on systemic procedures and standardization documents, as well as extended responsibility at all organizational levels of the company. Practical Implications: As a result of the research, when looking for a solution to protect workers from undesirable effects caused e.g. by the COVID 19 situation, the requirements according to ISO 45001 were indicated. By implementing this system, which relies, among other things, on activities related to risks and opportunities associated with a safe workplace, companies can obtain effective protection of workers, also against biological risks. Originality/value: The solutions included in the article may have a practical application for all participants of supply chain in the conditions of the COVID-19 epidemic and after its end, as preventive actions. It presents solutions for companies and proposes a change in the approach to health and safety at work during and after the epidemic.