The Role of a Leader in Contemporary Organizations
Purpose: The main scientific goal of the article is to present the results of research on identifying the roles and characteristics of a leader in relation to his followers. The article presents the theoretical basis of the discussed problem and describes the research results. Design/Methodology/Approach: In order to achieve the main goal of the article, an argumentative literature review was selected, which was the basis for designing the methodological assumptions of the research. The second research method was a survey method. Such targeted research made it possible to get to know the respondents' position on the research problem and compare it with the desk research analysis. This method allowed for drawing conclusions, at the same time constituting the basis for further in-depth empirical research. Findings: The results of the presented research broaden the existing knowledge in terms of expectations regarding the role of a leader in an organization. The most important roles of a leader fit into the creations of a strategist and mentor. Experience is indicated as a key factor positively influencing the performance of the role. The most important features of the leader's behavior are consistency in action and the ability to set priorities, but also courage in taking risks and difficult decisions. In times of change and uncertainty, they seem to be invaluable. Practical Implications: The results indicate the directions of the leader's self-development. This is important as most people tend to prioritize their own interests. Identification of the expected roles, features and behaviors of the leader shows greater emphasis on creating a leader who can confidently and effectively inspire and lead his followers to achieve the organization's goals. Without losing the positive, caring relationship between him and his employees. Originality/value: The key elements of modern leadership focus on relationship management. Leaders inspire and motivate employees to work positively. The article proposes an original set of leadership roles resulting from the study of literature and based on own research. Thus, it fills the research gap. Taking into account the conclusions of the research is a component of the process of educating future leaders, which helps to increase the efficiency and satisfaction of employees in the organization.