Rail Transport in NATO’s Logistics System: The Case of Poland
Purpose: The aim of the article is to analyse the possibilities of domestic rail transport in the field of military transport, as well as to identify factors influencing the organization and efficiency of the transport process. Design/Approach: The research was conducted using qualitative methods. The period from 2014 to 2019 was subjected to a detailed analysis. As part of the research procedure, process analysis was carried out using the method of multiple case study. Findings: The results of the study indicate that there is a visible increase in the number of foreign forces military transports by rail. The rapid movement of military cargo by rail is currently hampered by a number of physical, legal and regulatory barriers. The poor condition of road infrastructure especially in Eastern Europe and legal barriers to the movement of oversize loads by road necessitate the use of mass rail transport. Many civilian entities are involved in the organization of the transport process. Practical Implications: The research results can be used to improve the organization of the rail transport process in the armed forces. Originality/Value: The conducted research revealed several problems and challenges in the field of transport organization. According to the case studies presented despite of all steps taken by both military commands and civilian institutions there is a still room for improvements in the area of transport system optimizing. Detailed conclusions and comments contained in the article may be used to improve the applicable transport procedures.