Managerial and Organizational Aspects of Safety Management in the Mountain Environment
Purpose: The primary goal of this article is to present the organizational, legal, and managerial foundations of mountain rescue organizations in Europe, in the world and in Poland. They belong to non-profit organizations whose aim is to safeguard the safety and public health of citizens. The secondary purpose of the article was to present selected scientific and research problems that occur in mountain rescue. Design/Methodology/Approach: Analysis of materials and source data, review of the literature on the subject. Findings: Mountain rescue is an interdisciplinary phenomenon and process that includes knowledge and skills in many fields and scientific disciplines. Among the sciences that significantly affect the practical functioning of mountain rescue, the following can be identified: medical sciences, health sciences, technical and engineering sciences as well as social sciences. Practical implications: The further development of research on the presented aspects of mountain rescue leads to the improvement of rescue strategies and techniques used in them. Knowledge of the presented research areas allows scientists to constantly deepen their research and theory in this field: technology for rescue and transport, life functions of the human body in mountain accident conditions and human behavior during mountain activity. Originality/value: The activities of mountain rescue organizations include various forms of conducting rescue operations, which include the following aspects: medical and therapeutic, logistics and transport, meteorological, technological, psychosocial and, finally, competence and training.