The Criterion of Place of Residence in Research on the Knowledge of Industry 4.0 in a Group of IT Students
Purpose: The aim of the article was to analyze the knowledge about Industry 4.0 in a group of IT students. It was assumed that the place of residence of the respondents is one of the factors determining the attitudes and opinions about Industry 4.0, preparation for functioning in its conditions and awareness of the importance and potential benefits of such solutions. The influence of this determinant has been investigated. Design/Methodology/Approach: We present the results of research conducted in a group of 236 IT specialization students in 2019 and 2020. A purposive sampling was used. The survey was conducted in a group of students of the Lublin University of Technology in December 2019 and January 2020. The study covered a group of 236 students of Computer Science in full-time studies. The questionnaire was used as a research tool. The survey was conducted in the CAWI (Computer Assisted Web Interview) technique. Findings: The research results show that the place of residence is one of the factors determining the knowledge and perception of the concept of Industry 4.0. Especially the group of inhabitants of the largest cities (over 200,000 inhabitants) shows the greatest knowledge about Industry 4.0. There is a need to improve educational programs aimed at preparing future engineers to operate in the conditions of Industry 4.0, as well as acquiring and developing the skills and qualifications required by Industry 4.0. Practical Implications: Continuous and systematic development of knowledge about Industry 4.0 seems to be advisable, because the concept of Industry 4.0 has an increasingly strong impact on the shape of the industry and is an inherent element of Economy 4.0. This will foster the development of the necessary skills and qualifications. Originality/Value: The presented results of the pilot studies showed the possibility of determining the level of knowledge about the concept of Industry 4.0 in a selected group of respondents. They allowed to identify the place of residence as one of the determinants of knowledge, opinions and attitudes towards Industry 4.0.