European Union’s Goals Towards Electromobility: An Assessment of Plans’ Implementation in Polish Cities
Purpose: The majority of world's population live in cities, this trend is also visible in the European Union (EU). This creates both opportunities and threats including social and environmental tensions. One of the solutions to eliminate traffic pollution is electromobility. Therefore, the aim of this article is to examine the implementation of EU’s electromobility goals based on the example of Polish cities. Methodology: Following the documentary research, the main tool used in this research is an omnibus study. Nearly 10% of all Polish cities took part in this study, including 74% of cities a status of a county. Findings: The results show that there are many barriers and challenges to the development of electromobility in Polish cities. This includes a slow phase of growth in the number of electric vehicles and charging stations, and insufficient funds in municipal budgets for investment in infrastructure and electric fleets. Practical Implications: Public transport based on electromobility currently does not play a significant role in improving the quality of life in Polish cities. Also, even when considering funding opportunities from the EU and ambitious national plans to introduce 1 million electric cars in Poland by 2025, one cannot expect changes in cities in the relatively fast pace. Originality/Value: The presented results of studies show both research and practical value regarding the current state of art regarding the electromobility in cities while comparing strategic documents and policies with practical actions taken in cities so far and discussion regarding the next steps towards the year 2025 and further.