Conceptual Model of Human Resource Management for the Efficient Management of a Circular Economy
Purpose: Employees of companies from the production and service industry can carry out a lot of work for sustainable growth and circular economy, especially in the processes of delivery, production, distribution, and after-sales service. The aim of the article is to conduct a pilot study covering the challenges in the aspect of waste management and human resources, and to develop a conceptual model of human resource management for efficient circular economy management in an enterprise. Design/Methodology/Approach: The article presents the results of preliminary research conducted with the use of a questionnaire consisting of 25 questions and conducted on a group of 101 small and large enterprises from the manufacturing or service industry. The results were prepared using the analysis of correlations confirmed by the Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient. The conceptual model was developed based on the results of preliminary research and literature analysis. Findings: The conducted research shows that one of the key challenges related to waste management and the possibilities of circular economy implementation in a company is the knowledge and awareness of employees. There are also differences in key challenges between small and large enterprises in relation to human resources in the implementation of the circular economy. Practical Implications: The developed conceptual model may constitute the company's health path at the stage of the implementation of the circular economy in production or service companies. The conclusions from the research indicate which areas and in what order should be emphasized in relation to human resource management. Originality/Value: The developed conceptual model is one of the first holistic approaches covering both human resources, sustainability, circular economy and the logistic system of waste management in the enterprise.