Convection and Radiation as Important Metropolitan Functions in a Penitential System
Purpose: Functionally coherent metropolitan areas with a high degree of urbanization generate an occurrence of significant metropolitan functions, as well as functional and economic connections. A special part of the function of endogenous metropolis is the prison system. Prison system is a term used to describe all detention facilities and their organization or the system of imprisonment in a given country. Due to the nature of the article, the purpose was a general analysis of the state of the prison system in the Silesian-Zagłębie metropolis in terms of functions related to the physical flow of persons and information. Design/Methodology/Approach: Flows in space implemented in metropolitan areas are primarily, convection, conduction, and radiation. The prison system in Poland is also an important element of the metropolitan structure. In the field of prison systems, the metropolis performs the functions of convection and radiation. Findings: The most important problems related to the implementation of metropolitan functions in the field of prison, as part of the implemented convection and radiation functions, is overcrowding in prisons, difficulties in transporting prisoners and the lack of alternative solutions. Practical Implications: A suggestion could be to include a prisoner transport system in the metropolitan transportation system, which would fulfill the functions of both convection and radiation. Information on the state of fullness of prisons should be provided on an ongoing basis as part of the radiation function, which, perhaps, would allow for the leveling of the burden in prisons within the metropolis. Originality/value: The scope of the research concerned the analysis of the current state of prisoner transport and the quantity of prison places in the region. A suggestion about including of a prisoner transport system in the metropolitan transportation system has been recommended. The field of prison systems the metropolis was performed in the functions of convection and radiation.