Content and Guarantees of Implementation the Right to Local Self-Government in the Russian Federation
This article covers the issue of the complex autonomous right, i.e. the right to local self-government and guaranty of its implementation. For the purposes of this paper the authors studied various theoretical approaches, legal and regulatory issues, practices of implementing the rights in the Russian Federation. It was founded that the right to local self-government is a complex and interconnected structure with several essential components (legal rights): right of a local community (population) for local self-governance, individual citizens’ rights, the members of this community, to participate in realizing self-governance and rights of the local authorities to exercise public power (local self-governance). In the result of this research the authors gave general definition and disclosed the content of the following terms: “citizen’s right to self-government”, and “citizen’s right to participate in realizing self-governance”. Constitutional right to self-government is just an integral part, a link in the system of rights and freedoms; due to this, we can consider this right as the unity with other rights. The guaranty of implementation of the right to self-government on the one hand gave better understanding of the problems of legislation concerning self-government and its improvement; on the other hand it helps to evaluate the conditions under which the citizens and municipal authorities carry out their activity. State and municipal guarantees are the part of the entire mechanism of implementation of the citizens’ right on self-government. They objectively exist and fulfil an important function protecting the rights of the population for self-government.