Formation Tools of Low-Carbon Trajectory of Innovative Development of Russia
The article presents the concept of "low-carbon economy". Different views on the essence of "low-carbon economy" are considered. Low-carbon trajectory of the innovative development means energy efficiency and energy saving increase, maximum use of low-carbon energy (electrification, biofuel) by the end users.Thus, low-carbon infrastructure with reduction of specific CO2 emissions per unit of electricity generation and fuel consumption is created.It is concluded that ecological innovations, "green" economy are the spheres where the possibilities for the further sustainable development are concentrated. Innovative development is to be accompanied with "green" technologies introduction in all spheres of economy. The "green" technologies objectives are identified. The conditions for institutional and infrastructure environment of the transition towards "green" economy are formed. It is concluded that "low-carbon economy" nowadays is an important component of a new economic model. Economic tools to form "low-carbon economy" are defined.