Trafficking of Migrant Workers in Indonesia: A Legal Enforcement and Economic Perspective of Prevention and Protection Efforts
Labor is one of the most fundamental aspects of production systems, economic growth and nation prosperity. The growing need for labor has contributed to the increasing number of trafficking cases. Indonesia is one of the senders of migrant labor, especially rough workers and domestic workers.Although most personnel are sent in legal means, Indonesia, like other Southeast Asian developing countries, has not been freed from illegal labor and trafficking. This study seeks to analyze descriptively about law enforcement efforts and economic perspectives in trafficking, as well as in prevention and protection of migrant labor.Therefore, it is required a legal effort in the prevention and protection as well as economic considerations in prevent the trafficking. The results of the study indicate that various strategic plans of criminal law policy, especially the prevention and protection of migrant workers, are in the form of cooperation and synergy between all components in society, law enforcement and government. Moreover, there are needs to establish attractive labor wage, and to provide more jobs in Indonesia.