Fertility, Urbanization and Underemployment
The study aims to examine the factors that affect the probability of being underemployed. The concept of underemployment used is working more than 40 hours per week, but income is below the standard living needs.The research was conducted in South Sumatra Province in four cities. The analysis technique used is Logistic Regression. The results showed that significant variables are three items, namely education, number of children and self-empowerment.Increased education does not cause a person to get out of the problem of underemployment. Likewise, if the number of children increases then the probability to be underemployed increases by 63%. Conversely, the probability level to be underemployment decreased by 28.6% when more independent and more prosperous the person is.